The importance of clean water and sanitation is often overlooked by many. There is more than 750 million people who do not have access to clean water and over 840,000 people who die as a result of this.  Many women and children have to travel long distances so that they may have water ,however often this water is unsafe to drink and can cause many horrible diseases . 2.5 billion people do not have access to improved sanitation and basic hygiene necessities.  The lack of both water and proper sanitation has not just resulted in disease but has also resulted in death,water conflicts,water wars, and affects economics. Although organizations and charities are beginning to build knowledge on this issue there is still the need to raise awareness about this subject and to take action , so that everyone can have safe drinking water and good sanitation.
“The water crisis is the #1 global risk based on impact to society (as a measure of devastation), and the #8 global risk based on likelihood (likelihood of occurring within 10 years) as announced by the World Economic Forum, January 2015.” 
THE WATER CRISIS
What is the water crisis? The water crisis is a situation where the available potable, unpolluted water within a region is less than that region’s demand.Water scarcity is being driven by two converging phenomena: growing freshwater use and depletion of usable freshwater resources.70 percent of our world is water and only 2.5 percent of that is fresh water .Which is the water that 7 billion need to live and perform daily activities with.Obviously this could tend to get scarce however many countries including Canada are taking advantage of this extremely important resource. For example we swim in gallons upon gallons of water while there are millions of people who don’t have a single drop of clean and safe water to drink or to bathe with . Countries with access to water tend to become ungrateful ,however many countries need our help to start taking action .
What water and sanitation is available to you plays a huge part in your life and has a bigger impact on your country than you may think .Water is fundamental to health, education, a life style, your career,food,development of a country,and poverty.The affects it can have on citizens are shocking.Listed below are some examples and explanations of its affects…
Water plays such a vital role in everyone’s health no matter what age you are. Every single person in this world NEEDS water to survive. Safe water can prevent many unpleasant diseases including malaria, diarrhoea and malnutrition.  These cause millions of illnesses and deaths every year. Water also impacts our health because it makes up 60 % of the human body , and is needed to help our cells and organs function. Also diseases tend to be infectious and can spread very quickly , the consequences of this can relate to increased death rates in towns,villages ,cities or even countries .
Many people are not aware of this but water can affect a child’s education dramatically. Time that is spent travelling to get water can be timely and very dangerous. Often it is mothers and children who are sent to collect water. This is usually a very long walk and takes time away from children and girls having the opportunity to get an education. These walks can also be very dangerous…women and children often get hurt by falling, by attacks from animals , by drowning and some don’t return home. The water that does come home is usually unsafe to drink and causes illness in the family. The time spent collecting water could be time better spent towards a child going to school and being able to have a good career.
More people have a cellphone than a toilet?!
Because of the water crisis, sanitation has also become a problem in many countries.Some countries include India,china,Indonesia,Nigeria,Pakistan.Out of the world’s population( roughly 7 billion) 6 million have access to a cellphone while only 4.5 million have access to a toilet People who do not have access to proper sanitation are at risk for diarrhoea and many horrible diseases that ultimately lead to death. Something so simple as a toilet and yet many of us take it for granted .Many people in a variety of countries have to do their business in the open…I’m sure we can all imagine the smells this would leave and what death threatening diseases that could come from this . Also many people don’t have access to soap to wash their hands or shower ,this leads to lots of infections and makes it a lot easier to become sick.
What are some possible solutions and how can we help?
- Take shorter showers
- Don’t waste water
- conserve water(don’t leave taps running)
- stop polluting the water we do have!
- be mindful of what you put down your drain
- Donate to a water charity of your choice
- Be aware of the water crisis
- Take action!
Some questions to consider ….
How would you insure that everyone has clean and safe water to drink and has access to good sanitation ?
and / or
How do you think technology could solve the water crisis?
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